There is no specific treatment and most people recover on their own.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common respiratory virus that can cause symptoms ranging from mild cold-like symptoms to severe respiratory illness, particularly in young children. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), RSV is the leading cause of respiratory illness in infants and young children and is responsible for approximately 57,000 hospitalizations in children under the age of 5 each year in the United States (AAP, 2020).
RSV is highly contagious and spreads easily through respiratory secretions, such as saliva and mucus, that are produced when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes (AAP, 2020). It can also be transmitted through touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the face, or by coming into close contact with an infected person (AAP, 2020).
Symptoms of RSV infection in children can include fever, cough, congestion, runny nose, and difficulty breathing (AAP, 2020). In severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia or bronchiolitis, which is inflammation of the small airways in the lungs (AAP, 2020). Children under the age of 2 and those with underlying health conditions, such as premature birth or a weakened immune system, are at an increased risk of severe illness from RSV (AAP, 2020).
There is no specific treatment for RSV infection, and most children recover on their own with rest and over-the-counter medications to alleviate symptoms (AAP, 2020). However, severe cases may require hospitalization and supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation (AAP, 2020).
To prevent the spread of RSV, it's important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently with soap and water, covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick (AAP, 2020). If your child is at an increased risk of severe illness from RSV, it's also important to talk to your pediatrician about the possibility of getting the RSV vaccine, which can help protect against severe illness (AAP, 2020).
In conclusion, RSV is a common respiratory virus that can cause mild to severe illness in young children, particularly those under the age of 2 and those with underlying health conditions. By taking steps to prevent the spread of the virus and considering the RSV vaccine, you can help protect your child from this potentially serious illness.